DENMARK's LANGUAGES


 

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Language and Identity
Reality and Belief

   

   

Jan 22 , 2006

DENMARK'S MAJOR LANGUAGES 2005

in thousands
5.300
    Population
 
5.300
  Danish
 
?
  Norwegian, Swedish
?
  English
 
70   Arabic       Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Kuwait, Algeria, Tunesia
60   Turkish/Azeri Turkey, Macedonia, Iran
45   Bosnian/Serbian/Croatian ex-Yugoslavia
40   Faroese Faroe Islands
40   Kurdish/Kurmanji/Sorani Turkey, Iraq, Iran
 
30   German Germany, Switzerland, Austria
 
23   Urdu/Hindi Pakistan, India, UK
21   Punjabi Pakistan, India, UK
20   Persian/Farsi/Dari Iran, Afghanistan
 
17   Somali Somalia, Somaliland
 
14   Polish Poland
14   Chinese China, Vietnam, Taiwan
 
13   Vietnamese Vietnam
 
12   Greenlandic Greenland
 
11   French France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, former French colonies
11   Russian/Ukranian Russia, former Soviet Union
11   Tamil Sri Lanka
 
7   Icelandic Iceland
7   Spanish Spain, Latin America
7   Berber/Shelha/Tarift/Tamazight Morocco, Algeria
7   Thai/Lao Thailand
 
6   Danish Sign Language --
6   Dutch Netherlands, Belgium
6   Albanian/Tosk/Geg Macedonia, Kosova, Serbia, Albania
 
5   Pashto Afghanistan, Pakistan
5   Pilipino/Tagalog the Philippines
 
4   Finnish Finland, Sweden
4   Italian Italy
 
3   Portuguese Brazil, Portugal, former Portuguese colonies
3   Romanian Romania
 
etc, e.g.
 
2   kiSwahili East Africa

English is not assessable because almost everybody knows English. English is a pervasive language in Denmark.

Swedish and Norwegian are not assessable because of their mutual intelligibility with Danish.

(Two Lowlands lgs that once had a presence in Southern Denmark, North Frisian and Platt (Low Saxon), have virtually disappeared.
The Danish dialect Sønderjysk (South Jutish) which Ethnologue considers a separate lg, is still viable, used by both the Danish and the German community, but steadily receding. It has restricted use, close to the body, so to speak; it is not written and is seldomly used in school, church, politics or media.)


Ole Stig Andersen, L O W L A N D S - L , Sept 17, 2004


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© Ole Stig Andersen Sep 27, 2004 (rev Jan 22 06)